Various Types of Video Formats ( FLV, MKV, AVI, MOV, MP4, WMV, MPG) and their Uses. What is Codec ?

1
991

 

Hi friends, how are you? I am fine. I am a newcomer in THEMENTALCLUB. So friends, today I am discussing about the Various Types of Video Formats ( FLV, MKV, AVI, MOV, MP4, WMV, MPG) and their Uses and What is Codec? 

Various types of Video Formats and their Uses. What is Codec ? 


We know that there are so many video players which support all kinds of video formats. For example, I like Pot Player the most. When we will discuss the various types of video format, then, in general, some video formats such as FLV, MKV, AVI, MOV, MP4, WPV, and MPG will come in front of us. If I ask someone that which video format do you like the most? Then different types of answers will come from different people. But we know than which video format is the best? Or which types of video formats we give importance while downloading any file from internet or ripping any DVD?

It is a very difficult task to select a particular video format.  Most of the people are coming to know that the video formats are nothing but an extension.  But it is not a file extension; you will be able after reading this tune.

Now, which we will discuss about the video formats, they are the codecs and a container. For example, after downloading any movie you will watch either DivX or x264, or, either MPEG-4 or H-264.  These are the video codecs.

Let us know, Various Types of Video Formats (FLV, MKV, AVI, MOV, MP4, WMV, MPG) and their Uses. What is Codec  And also What is a Container?  

What is Codec?


 

Codec

The video files which we watch in our media files, those are the compressed format. Because, there is a need of compressing the videos for making useful in the media player. Do not understand? Ok , i am discussing this with an example.

We watch the Blue-ray files which size may be 30-40 gigabyte. If you want to download this video then it is impossible for you. Because , the computer space and the speed of the internet boths are not suitable for this.   TAB or Android does never in the list. So, these video files are compressed for making useful. So, codec is the compressed data that tells you that how to play a video file in the media player. In our computer, the video codec is installed as a default setting. Some codecs are mentioned in the below:

  • FFmpeg ( This codec is a combination of MPEG-2 and MPEG-4. It is well to know that MPEG-2 is used in the DVD to store data and MPEG-4 codec is used for the Itune store of APPLE).
  • DivX is a brand of video codec and it may be used with MPEG-4. Moreover, for making the HD video, the DvdX is used to rip DVD.
  • XviD is the open source project of the DivX. For being open source, this codec is used in the pirated movie.
  • X264 compresses the video of H.264 ( MPEG-4 AVC) format. And mainly this codec is used in the HD video.  

We have watched that there are so many codecs for our desired work. So, sometimes, some conflicts occur in our mind that which codec we use. But the good news is that for being MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) you can use any of your needs.

What is a Container? 


 

Video-Container

We have learned about the different types of codec. Let’s go, we have to know about container. We know the word about the container. The container is an object for holding something. But, a Media Container is a collection of so many files. The container is formed in the combination Audio codec and video codec. For this container we actually separate the audio container from video container. And also whimsically we separate the audio file from video file or separate the video file from an audio file  or joined the audio file to video file or joined the video file to audio file. By this, you can rip the video file in a controlled way. Let’s go , we know various kinds of video file.  

  • Flash Video Format (.flv) : 

flv    It is a very popular container format. Flash videos are very useful in flash movies. Almost all browsers support flash video format. This video format supports both progressive and streaming downloads. And it is very compact. 

  • AVI Format (.avi) :

avi

AVI stands for Audio Video Interleave. Microsoft Corporation has developed this format at first. Although this container uses M-JPEG or Div-X but after than for storing data, apart from the above mentioned codecs, the other codecs are also used. For this, it is very easy to separate the other codecs. It compresses data and for the internet users, it is a very popular container. This container format supports in other operating system along with Windows and MAC.

  • Matroska (which we uses the extension .mkv) :

mkv

It is high-definition video container. It is used for watching any video in any wide screen. It does not support any general video. But it plays in all good videos. It is used for ripping in high quality video.

  • QuickTime Format (.mov) :

mov

This container format, for the first time, was made by Apple. It mostly uses in internet. In this container, the text file is used along with audio and video codec. This supports both in MAC and Windows.  You can use Quick time or Pot Player for playing this.

  • MP4 Format ( .mp4 ) :

mp4

It is one of the most useful formats. It can contain 3D along with audio and video file. There is no substitution of it for less bit encoding. This file compresses the audio file in AAC format and compresses the video file in MPEG-4 codec.

  • MPG Format ( .mpg ) :

 

mpg       It  is a common video container format of MPEG. It compresses the audio and video by using the MPEG-1 and MPEG-2. This is used for making the downloadable file. It supports in Apple Quick Time and Microsoft Windows Media Player as a default setting.

  • Windows Media Video Format (.wmv) :

wmv

It is a development format which developed by Microsoft Corporation. I do not want to discuss this topic because it does not support in any operating system without Windows. Generally, for playing this video format, other software does not find.   

  • 3gp File Extension (.3gp) :

It is formed by the combination of audio and video codec. It is made for the mobile phones. Generally, it is made for transferring data in the 3G phones. If we watch carefully, then we watch that it is mainly used in mobile phones.

Which one do we Use?


I try to  bring every containers and codecs. Although, my knowledge has a limitted. If you want to make a video for wide screen then you have to use H.264 and MKV  and if you want make a video for TAB or short screen then you have to use H.264 and MP4.

Last Word 



If you like my tune, then please comment on my post. Your comment encourages me to write down better tune. If my tune is thought to be a unique tune, then you are requested to like my tune.  So, let’s come and give up copy-paste and encourage another tune. See you in the next post .

Thank you Guys …